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What Happens After Sex to a Woman & a Man: Everything to Know

It's no secret that having sex can be a great feeling. But have you ever wondered what happens after sex? That's not a topic most information on the internet incorporates. Discover the biological workings of your body after sexual intercourse here, like never before!

6 min read
What Happens After Sex to a Woman & a Man: Everything to Know

Foreplay, penetration, orgasm. These are some words from the racy dictionary of sex. It's no secret that having sex can be a great feeling. But have you ever wondered what happens after sex? That's not a topic most information on the internet incorporates. Discover the biological workings of your body after sexual intercourse here, like never before!

Four Phases Of Sex

The four phases of sex are also recognized as the sexual response cycle. During this cycle, your body responds to sexual stimulation, which sparks specific biological processes. Let's take a look at what they are:v

Phase 1: Excitement

As one gets aroused or sexually stimulated, their breathing becomes fast-paced, their heartbeat begins to increase, and a healthy blood flow to the genital area is observed. Among females, the clitoris swells up due to blood flow, while the penis becomes erect and hard. The muscles in your body become tense, preparing you for sex.

Phase 2: Plateau

During this stage, all the feelings in the excitement stage intensify. For example, your breathing becomes even quicker, your heart beats even faster, and your muscles become even tenser. The clitoris becomes extremely sensitive to touch, and the testicles get pulled upwards due to increased arousal.

Phase 3: Orgasm

An orgasm characterizes feelings of intense pleasure when sexual excitement reaches its peak. This is followed by a quick series of contractions in the female uterine and vaginal muscles. As for men, the basal penile muscles tighten and release semen in an ejaculation process.

Phase 4: Resolution

After orgasm, your body begins to relax and return to its normal, previous state. You may feel your heartbeat slow down, your blood pressure decrease, and your muscles easing up.

You may also feel calm, satisfied or drowsy.

Also read: How to control sexual feelings?

What Happens After Sex?

Are you curious about what will happen after sex?

We have listed a few things that you can expect after sex:

Increased feelings of attachment

After orgasm, a hormone called Oxytocin is released. This hormone is also called the "love hormone". Research suggests that Oxytocin increases the sense of love and trust in an individual's mind. This can, in turn, make you feel closer to your partner.

Flushed or pink face

Sex is a vigorous activity that temporarily increases blood flow to the skin. This results in pink patches over your skin or chest. Usually, this effect disappears within a few minutes or one hour.


Physical activity like sex drains your energy. A good round of sex will often leave you feeling tired but satisfied.

What Happens After Ejaculation?

After ejaculation, a man's penis becomes flaccid and loses its erection soon. You might feel your muscle tension fading away gradually. The feeling of relaxation or drowsiness is common after ejaculation.

Post ejaculation, your nervous system reduces your response to sexual stimulation. Research suggests that this releases chemicals called neurotransmitters that lower the hormones required for arousal. Your nervous system needs a few minutes to overcome this effect.

Medical studies refer to this as a refractory period or recovery phase. In this period, men can't achieve another erection. The refractory period varies in men according to their age. Younger men experience a short refractory period of about 15 minutes. However, for older men, the period can last for hours.

Does Your Body Change After Becoming Sexually Active?

No, your body doesn't change after sex. Often men and women start having sex near puberty, during which your body undergoes hormonal changes. However, those changes are due to puberty and not because of sexual activity.

What Happens After Sex to a Woman?

Women can expect a few outcomes after sex. The reasons behind the after sex effects in females can range from physical exertion to female biology. Women can feel a surge of happy hormones or experience some changes to their vagina.

After sex effects in females

Soreness after sex

Women can experience some discomfort due to the stretching of their vaginas. Additionally, a long session of intercourse can cause some soreness due to prolonged friction. Usually, the pain reduces within a few minutes.

Spotting or light bleeding after sex

Women having penetrative sex for the first time can expect some bleeding. This is completely normal and occurs due to the stretching of the hymen tissue.

What happens to the vagina after sex?

The vagina consists of muscles that stretch when aroused. Females can expect their vaginal elasticity to change during arousal and return to normal after sex.

What Happens After Sex to a Man?

After sex, a man ejaculates due to orgasm. Ejaculation is the release of sperm from the penis. Post ejaculation, the penis becomes flaccid, and the brain releases neurotransmitters that calm down your body. Men also feel exhausted and tired after sex.

After sex effects in a male

  • Refractory period: Men usually face a short recovery period during which they cant get erect or think about sex.
  • Priapism: If the blood remains trapped within the muscle of the penis, it can result in a painful condition called priapism. This can happen due to a medication or injury to the penile blood flow.
  • Calorie burns: Men can burn around 100 calories during sex. This depends on the duration of sex.
  • Drowsiness: Physical exertion and release of endorphins often cause men to feel sleepy after sex. The rush of Oxytocin promotes a good night's sleep.

What happens to the penis after sex?

The penis consists of two channels called corpus cavernosa. These channels fill with blood during an erection. After climaxing, the blood disperses from the corpus cavernosa, and the penis becomes flaccid. The penile muscles contract, and the blood flows out, which causes the penis to become soft again.

What Happens After First Time Sex?

Curious about what happens after having sex for the first time? Women and men have different experiences after having sex for the first time. Women can experience some pain due to the tearing of a tissue called the hymen. This can also cause some bleeding.

Men can experience some irritation on their penis due to the friction caused during sex. Using a lube can fix this problem.

Should We Drink Water Just After Sex?

Yes, you should drink water after sex. During sex, you will burn calories, sweat, and pant. Any physical exercise dehydrates the body; hence people often feel dehydrated after sex. Drinking a glass of water after sex also helps women urinate, which allows flushing of UTI causing bacterias.

How To Keep Private Parts Clean


Make sure to trim your pubic hair from time to time by investing in a good trimmer. Experts suggest there may be more to this practice than what meets the eye. Grooming your penis may make it appear larger to you and your partner. Moreover, excess hair becomes a breeding ground for infection-causing bacteria.

Use an intimate wash

An intimate wash is an excellent solution to keep your genitals free from fungi, bacteria and harmful agents leading to various penile infections. Swash Intimate wash for men is a great choice containing natural ingredients like aloe vera, tea tree, chamomile and olive oil. It is anti-odour, SLS free, anti-itch and balances the pH level of the sensitive skin around the genitals.

The basic cleanse

Cleaning your penis with warm water daily is a must. Make sure to gently tug at your foreskin, reach under it, and clean in gentle circular motions to avoid Smegma build-up that could house unwanted bacteria on and around your penis.

In a Nutshell...What Will Happen After Sex?

Numerous complex biological processes prepare both the male and female bodies for sex. This may involve a quick heartbeat, fast-paced breath, and an increase in blood pressure. After sex, the body begins to return to its original, pre-sex state, and this occurs differently for both men and women.

Also read: What is Anal sex and 22 other FAQs


What happens to a girl after sex?

Women can experience some discomfort due to the stretching of their vaginas. Additionally, a long session of intercourse can cause some soreness due to prolonged friction. Moreover, women that are having penetrative sex for the first time can expect minor bleeding. However, there is no guarantee that bleeding will take place.

What Should You do After Sex?

  • Make sure you wash your private area thoroughly after sex to avoid any infections.
  • Make sure to urinate as, during sex, bacteria may enter your urethra- the tube that helps you pass urine out the body.
  • Drink a glass or two of water so more urine can be flushed out of your system, helping you feel lighter.
  • Change into loose-fitting clothing as tight clothing increases moisture in the skin and high moisture environments are breeding grounds for fungi and bacteria.
  • Wash your hands thoroughly after sex as a part of sexual hygiene to stop infections from spreading.
  • If you happen to use sex toys, make sure to clean and disinfect those too.

Why Do Men Fall Asleep After Sex?

A hormone called prolactin is released after the male orgasm. Apart from governing how long a man's refractory period is, prolactin is also higher during sleep. Hence, men tend to feel tired and drowsy with a desire to fall asleep after sex.

How Do Guys Feel After Sex?

Most men feel extremely satisfied after orgasm, with dopamine levels at their peak but gradually decreasing. Once the resolution period is in motion, men begin to feel drowsy, hungry or tired. However, the feelings of how men feel after sex are highly subjective and differ from person to person.


K M Kendrick, R F Drewett (1981) Effect of testosterone on neuronal refractory periods, sexual behaviour and luteinizing hormone: a comparison of time-courses (National Library of Medicine) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/7217836/

S Kapicioglu, M Mollamehmetoglu (1998) Inhibition of penile erection in rats by a long-acting somatostatin analogue, octreotide (SMS 201-995) (National Library of Medicine) https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9467491/

Olga A. Wudarczyk, Brian D. Earp (2013) Could intranasal Oxytocin be used to enhance relationships? Research imperatives, clinical policy, and ethical considerations (National Library of Medicine) https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3935449/

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