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What is Oligospermia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & More

Facing low sperm count problems? Here is everything you need to know about the low sperm count or Oligospermia, its causes, symptoms and treatments.

3 min read
What is Oligospermia: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & More

Of all the infertility cases, approximately 40%-50% of cases are due to "male factor" infertility.

Male infertility remains one of the common reproductive concerns among males.

Infertility in males is commonly caused by less sperm count or the complete absence of sperm in semen.

Oligospermia or low sperm count contributes significantly to male infertility. This article will help you with a clear understanding of Oligospermia and if it is curable.

What Is Oligospermia: Oligospermia Meaning

Low sperm count characterizes Oligospermia in men in the semen.

Usually, a woman's egg requires a certain amount of sperm in the semen to fertilize.  According to experts, a sperm count of 15 million sperm per mL or above is considered healthy.

However, Oligospermia does not completely rule out the possibility of conceiving. Depending on the number of sperms in 1 mL of semen, men may conceive a child with their partner.

What Causes Oligospermia in Male?

Oligospermia causes may include hormonal imbalances, medications, drugs, or certain underlying conditions.

Some of the most common causes of oligospermia in male are:

Varicocele Causes Oligospermia:

Enlarged veins cause this condition in the penis that disrupted blood flow and a rise in the temperature of the testicles. An increase in the temperature may cause low sperm production.

Ejaculation Problems Cause Oligospermia:

Retrograde ejaculation occurs when the semen enters the bladder instead of leaving the penis. Such problems may cause a reduction in the number of sperms in semen.

Medications can Lead to Oligospermia:

Certain medications such as alpha-blockers, antibiotics, and antiandrogens may lead to low sperm production.

Hormonal Imbalances Lead to Oligospermia:

Sperm-producing glands are pituitary glands. Any alterations in these glands can contribute to low sperm production.

Smoking Causes Oligospermia:

Cigarettes contain more than 7000 chemicals that block sperm production and impaired sperm function. Men who smoke more than 20 cigarettes per day experience a 19% reduction in sperm count.

Apart from this, a less common cause of Oligospermia can also be weight gain.

Types of Oligospermia:

Depending on the number of sperms per mL, Oligospermia can be classified into three categories:

Mild Oligospermia:

When the sperm count is between 10 to 15 million sperm/mL.

Moderate Oligospermia:

When the sperm count is between 5 to 10 million sperm/mL.

Severe Oligospermia:

Sperm count between 0 to 5 million sperm/mL.

However, men with mild Oligospermia don't face difficulty in conceiving.

What are Oligospermia Symptoms?

Most men with Oligospermia have no apparent symptoms. The condition is only diagnosed when they find it difficult to conceive a child.

Sure, Oligospermia signs and symptoms may occur in men because of hormonal imbalance or chromosomal abnormalities:

  • Oligospermia can be caused due to thick discharge.
  • Lumps and swelling in testicles can be a sign of Oligospermia.
  • Low facial and hair body growth could be the symptom for Oligospermia.
  • Maintaining an erection during sexual intercourse is also a sign for Oligospermia.
  • Enlarge veins or lumps in the scrotum is a symptom for Oligospermia.

Oligospermia Treatment

Fortunately, there are various treatments of Oligospermia medically, as well as in Ayurveda and Homoeopathy.

To increase sperm count in men, there are specific medical and surgical treatments for the problem:

  • If the low sperm count is due to Varicocele, it requires surgery. In this method, the enlarged veins get blocked, and the blood flow is redirected to another vein.
  • Some prescription Oligospermia medicines and drugs can treat hormonal imbalances and chromosomal abnormalities.
  • Assisted reproduction techniques can treat the fertility conditions in men with genetic causes.

Apart from this, Oligospermia can be treated using Ayurveda and Homeopathy methods as well.

Oligospermia Treatment In Ayurveda

Oligospermia in Ayurveda is known as Shukra Dosha. Ayurvedic treatment for Oligospermia is called Vajikarana.

In Ayurveda, regular exercises and yoga asanas can increase the sperm count in males.

The use of Ayurvedic medicines for Oligospermia such as Rasayanas and Dravyas has proven beneficial in various cases.

Oligospermia Treatment In Homeopathy

The best thing about Homoeopathic treatment is that it is free of any side effects. If you have allopathic medicine issues, Homoeopathic treatment can be a better alternative.

Oligospermia treatment in Homoeopathy is the fastest method to treat the problem without surgery.

Homeopathic medicines should be used for at least six months for the best results.

Oligospermia Treatment Cost

Oligospermia treatment costs may depend on the methods of treatment. For example, varicocele surgery may cost somewhere around $3000-$7000, depending on the blockage's complexity.

In case of mild or moderate Oligospermia, Ayurvedic or Homoeopathic treatment could do the trick as well. Furthermore, both these treatments are quite affordable when compared to Allopathic treatment.

Oligospermia vs. Azoospermia

Oligospermia and Azoospermia are often confused as the same. However, there is a difference between the two conditions.

While Oligospoermia refers to low sperm count in the semen, which could be divided into three categories, Azoospermia refers to the complete absence of sperms from the seminal fluid.


Oligospermia is not a severe condition until men face problems in conceiving a child. Genetic causes might be unavoidable, but you can improve the sperm amount by adopting a better lifestyle.

Homeopathy is considered the best treatment for Oligospermia with no risks involved.

Eating healthy, exercising, and refraining from smoking could increase sperm count.